The attempt to save the primates was started and gained international attention especially with the progress of the research from the primatologists from the 60th.
The most successful and relevant project to protect the chimpanzees was the establishment of the Jane Goodall Foundation by Jane Goodall, who contributed to study the primates as well as opening up the first chimpanzee reserve in Tanzania, Gombe Stream. With time, Jane Goodall institute opened up projects in many countries, focusing its work on the sensitization of local communities over the conservation of the forest, against poaching activities and starting new tourist activities in order to generate new income from the forests. In Uganda the institute collaborated with the Uganda Wildlife Authority to habituate the groops of chimpanzees in Kibale forest and in Budongo Forest. Moreover, was created the Ngamba Island Chimpanzee Santuary, an orphanage for the chimpanzees escaped from poaching and illegal trade.
Jane Goodall explains the trends in primate’s conservation: “When I began my research on the chimpanzees in the 1960s, the chimpanzees were over one million distributed among 21 countries. In the beginning of the 1980s there was a great change, first of all the demographic growth in the African countries and the construction of big roads passing through the forests, moreover the increasing illegal trade of wild animals. The population started to hunt not for basic consumption but for the revenues from selling meat of buffaloes, elephants, as well as gorillas and chimpanzees. The habitat of the forest was much under pressure and today we estimate there remain only 250.000 chimpanzees over 21 countries. How to protect the chimpanzees?
The people should be explained and be aware of the effects of destroying the natural habitats like the forests. They should develop means for improving the livelihood through a sustainable lifestyle and should receive support in this direction” (from video Interview by E. Manghi – A. Losacco, 2006).